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ISSN : 1229-9618(Print)
ISSN : 2671-7506(Online)
Chinese Studies Vol.83 pp.43-70

Characteristics of Gao Qi’s Poetry and the Trend of Poetics in the Ming Dynasty

Jung Bo-Seon
경북대학교 중어중문학과 강사


Gao Qi was a poet representing the late Yuan Dynasty and the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, and poetry critics called him ‘being above the whole generation of Ming Dynasty poets’. His poetry contains a form one unique style in the process of learning classical poetry representing each era and creating by imitating it. However, due to his early death, he was unable to spend the golden age of creation and did not leave behind a poetry style that could represent an era or form a poetry school. The characteristic of Gao Qi’s poetry lies in ‘It has all the forms of the poem evenly’. The poet insisted that a good poem could be written only when the proper classification of the corpse and the combination of poetic intention and poetic taste were balanced. It can be said that it was different from traditional classic poetry and retro poetry of the Ming Dynasty, which could not follow and digest the time as it was, because it was an immersion of an innovative beginning that transcends the boundary of retro and embodies the spirit of a new writer needed by the times. The poets of the Ming Dynasty poets scrambled to adore Gao Qi and actively tried to learn his poems in order to escape from the stale retro and approach creative revival. The evaluation that he pioneered poetry in the Ming Dynasty originated here.